rclone+onedrive+jellyfin+Nginx实操

Windows运行rclone

在本地Windows电脑上下载rclone,下载地址:https://rclone.org/downloads/ 。然后解压出来,比如我解压到D盘,文件夹命名rclone,此时点击Win+R,然后输入cmd,确定。再输入以下命令:

cd /d d:\rclone
rclone authorize "onedrive"

然后浏览器会弹出窗口,按提示登录要挂载OneDrive的Office账户,登录完成后选择同意授权,接着回到cmd窗口中,复制{"access_token":"XXXX"} 这一串Token信息,后续需要用到。(如果cmd窗口中没有输出Token信息,可能是失去鼠标焦点而停止运行了,在cmd窗口中多回车几下可解决。)

Linux安装rclone

root用户下直接执行(非root权限将下面的bash替换为 sudo bash ):

curl https://rclone.org/install.sh | bash

配置rclone

rclone config

会出现以下信息(rclone各个版本可能有所出入,自行判断):

点击展开查看内容
  • [email protected]:~# rclone config
  • No remotes found - make a new one
  • n) New remote
  • s) Set configuration password
  • q) Quit config
  • n/s/q> n #1.选择新建
  • name> Cimen #2.名称随意
  • Type of storage to configure.
  • Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
  • Choose a number from below, or type in your own value
  • 1 / 1Fichier
  • \ "fichier"
  • 2 / Alias for an existing remote
  • \ "alias"
  • 3 / Amazon Drive
  • \ "amazon cloud drive"
  • 4 / Amazon S3 Compliant Storage Providers including AWS, Alibaba, Ceph, Digital Ocean, Dreamhost, IBM COS, Minio, and Tencent COS
  • \ "s3"
  • 5 / Backblaze B2
  • \ "b2"
  • 6 / Box
  • \ "box"
  • 7 / Cache a remote
  • \ "cache"
  • 8 / Citrix Sharefile
  • \ "sharefile"
  • 9 / Compress a remote
  • \ "compress"
  • 10 / Dropbox
  • \ "dropbox"
  • 11 / Encrypt/Decrypt a remote
  • \ "crypt"
  • 12 / Enterprise File Fabric
  • \ "filefabric"
  • 13 / FTP Connection
  • \ "ftp"
  • 14 / Google Cloud Storage (this is not Google Drive)
  • \ "google cloud storage"
  • 15 / Google Drive
  • \ "drive"
  • 16 / Google Photos
  • \ "google photos"
  • 17 / Hadoop distributed file system
  • \ "hdfs"
  • 18 / Hubic
  • \ "hubic"
  • 19 / In memory object storage system.
  • \ "memory"
  • 20 / Jottacloud
  • \ "jottacloud"
  • 21 / Koofr
  • \ "koofr"
  • 22 / Local Disk
  • \ "local"
  • 23 / Mail.ru Cloud
  • \ "mailru"
  • 24 / Mega
  • \ "mega"
  • 25 / Microsoft Azure Blob Storage
  • \ "azureblob"
  • 26 / Microsoft OneDrive
  • \ "onedrive"
  • 27 / OpenDrive
  • \ "opendrive"
  • 28 / OpenStack Swift (Rackspace Cloud Files, Memset Memstore, OVH)
  • \ "swift"
  • 29 / Pcloud
  • \ "pcloud"
  • 30 / Put.io
  • \ "putio"
  • 31 / QingCloud Object Storage
  • \ "qingstor"
  • 32 / SSH/SFTP Connection
  • \ "sftp"
  • 33 / Sugarsync
  • \ "sugarsync"
  • 34 / Tardigrade Decentralized Cloud Storage
  • \ "tardigrade"
  • 35 / Transparently chunk/split large files
  • \ "chunker"
  • 36 / Union merges the contents of several upstream fs
  • \ "union"
  • 37 / Webdav
  • \ "webdav"
  • 38 / Yandex Disk
  • \ "yandex"
  • 39 / Zoho
  • \ "zoho"
  • 40 / http Connection
  • \ "http"
  • 41 / premiumize.me
  • \ "premiumizeme"
  • 42 / seafile
  • \ "seafile"
  • Storage> 26 #3.选择Microsoft OneDrive,不同版本序号可能会不同!
  • ** See help for onedrive backend at: https://rclone.org/onedrive/ **
  • OAuth Client Id
  • Leave blank normally.
  • Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
  • client_id> #4.直接回车留空
  • OAuth Client Secret
  • Leave blank normally.
  • Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
  • client_secret> #5.同样回车留空
  • Choose national cloud region for OneDrive.
  • Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("global").
  • Choose a number from below, or type in your own value
  • 1 / Microsoft Cloud Global
  • \ "global"
  • 2 / Microsoft Cloud for US Government
  • \ "us"
  • 3 / Microsoft Cloud Germany
  • \ "de"
  • 4 / Azure and Office 365 operated by 21Vianet in China
  • \ "cn"
  • region> 1 #6.由于我挂载的是E5的OneDrive,因此选择1,世纪互联请选择4,不同版本序号可能不同!
  • Edit advanced config? (y/n)
  • y) Yes
  • n) No (default)
  • y/n> #7.直接回车默认
  • Remote config
  • Use auto config?
  • * Say Y if not sure
  • * Say N if you are working on a remote or headless machine
  • y) Yes (default)
  • n) No
  • y/n> n #8.这里请选择n,后续能手动输入Token
  • For this to work, you will need rclone available on a machine that has
  • a web browser available.
  • For more help and alternate methods see: https://rclone.org/remote_setup/
  • Execute the following on the machine with the web browser (same rclone
  • version recommended):
  • rclone authorize "onedrive"
  • Then paste the result below:
  • result> #9.这里粘贴你获取到的Token信息并回车,格式大致为{"access_token":"XXXX"}
  • Choose a number from below, or type in an existing value
  • 1 / OneDrive Personal or Business
  • \ "onedrive"
  • 2 / Root Sharepoint site
  • \ "sharepoint"
  • 3 / Sharepoint site name or URL (e.g. mysite or https://contoso.sharepoint.com/sites/mysite)
  • \ "url"
  • 4 / Search for a Sharepoint site
  • \ "search"
  • 5 / Type in driveID (advanced)
  • \ "driveid"
  • 6 / Type in SiteID (advanced)
  • \ "siteid"
  • 7 / Sharepoint server-relative path (advanced, e.g. /teams/hr)
  • \ "path"
  • Your choice> 1 #10.选1挂载OneDrive
  • Found 1 drives, please select the one you want to use:
  • 0: OneDrive (business) id=b!o44VutxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxztxqCMZG-
  • Chose drive to use:> 0 #11.输入冒号前的序号,这里输入0
  • Found drive 'root' of type 'business', URL: https://xxx-my.sharepoint.com/personal/xxx_xxx_onmicrosoft_com/Documents
  • Is that okay?
  • y) Yes (default)
  • n) No
  • y/n> #11.直接回车,默认确认
  • --------------------
  • [Cimen] #你最初输入的名称
  • type = onedrive #挂载的类型
  • region = global #你选择的区域
  • token = {"access_token":""} #这里是你之前粘贴的Token信息
  • drive_id = b!o44VutxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxztxqCMZG- #这里是磁盘ID
  • drive_type = business #挂载的云盘属性(默认识别),如不正确请选择e进行修改,或者选择d删除,重新配置
  • --------------------
  • y) Yes this is OK (default)
  • e) Edit this remote
  • d) Delete this remote
  • y/e/d> y #12.确认信息无误后输入y,或直接默认值回车
  • Current remotes:
  • Name Type
  • ==== ====
  • Cimen onedrive
  • e) Edit existing remote
  • n) New remote
  • d) Delete remote
  • r) Rename remote
  • c) Copy remote
  • s) Set configuration password
  • q) Quit config
  • e/n/d/r/c/s/q> q #13.退出rclone配置

安装Fuse

apt install fuse

挂载

说明:需要先将本地的Windows,获取到的rclone配置文件rclone.config,上传到vps的rclone配置文件所在位置。

#新建本地文件夹,路径自己定,即下面的LocalFolder
mkdir /OneDrive
#挂载为磁盘,下面的三个参数需要替换,详细看下面的说明
rclone mount DriveName:Folder LocalFolder --copy-links --no-gzip-encoding --no-check-certificate --allow-other --allow-non-empty --umask 000
#DriveName 为初始化配置填的名称
#Folder 为OneDrive里的文件夹
#LocalFolder 为VPS上的本地文件夹,如果不存在请先新建它!
例如:rclone mount Cimen:Backupload /OneDrive --copy-links --no-gzip-encoding --no-check-certificate --allow-other --allow-non-empty --umask 000

然后按Ctrl+c退出挂载。

开机自启

新建systemd配置文件

同样修改三个参数,然后全部粘贴到ssh中执行。
#将后面修改成你上面手动运行命令中,除了rclone的全部参数

command="mount DriveName:Folder LocalFolder --copy-links --no-gzip-encoding --no-check-certificate --allow-other --allow-non-empty --umask 000"

#以下是一整条命令,一起复制到SSH客户端运行

cat > /etc/systemd/system/rclone.service <<EOF
[Unit]
Description=Rclone
After=network-online.target
[Service]
Type=simple
ExecStart=$(command -v rclone) ${command}
Restart=on-abort
User=root
[Install]
WantedBy=default.target
EOF

使用的是下面的脚本,上面这条没太看懂!为了方便以后挂载,所以用了下面这条,比较清晰明了。

cat > /etc/systemd/system/rclone.service <<EOF
[Unit]
Description=Rclone
AssertPathIsDirectory=LocalFolder  
After=network-online.target

[Service]
Type=simple
ExecStart=/usr/bin/rclone mount googlepan: /googlepan \  
 --umask 0000 \
 --default-permissions \
 --allow-non-empty \
 --allow-other \
 --buffer-size 32M \
 --dir-cache-time 12h \
 --vfs-read-chunk-size 64M \
 --vfs-read-chunk-size-limit 1G
ExecStop=/bin/fusermount -u LocalFolder 
Restart=on-abort
User=root

[Install]
WantedBy=default.target
EOF

如果你想挂载多个网盘,那么将systemd配置文件的rclone.service改成rclone1.service即可,重启动什么的同样换成rclone1

相关命令

#开始启动:
systemctl start rclone
#设置开机自启:
systemctl enable rclone
#其他命令:
#重启:systemctl restart rclone
#停止:systemctl stop rclone
#状态:systemctl status rclone

问题

如果挂载过程中出现NOTICE: One drive root 'vpsbackup': --vfs-cache-mode writes or full is recommended for this remote as it can't stream 错误,可以无视该错误。

可能用到的命令

卸载磁盘

fusermount -qzu LocalFolder #LocalFolder为你vps本地文件夹

其它参数

#如果你还涉及到读取使用,比如使用H5ai等在线播放,就在后面多加上以下三条参数
--dir-cache-time 12h
--vfs-read-chunk-size 32M
--vfs-read-chunk-size-limit 1G

jellyfin安装

其实jellyfin/emby/plex,这三个随意,plex不知道是我帐号的原因,没成功,emby和本地服务冲突,所以选择了jellyfin

jellyfin采用docker的方式进行安装

1、安装docker

wget -qO- get.docker.com | bash

2、部署jellyfin

docker run -d \
  --name=jellyfin \
  -e PUID=1000 \
  -e PGID=1000 \
  -e TZ=Asia/Shanghai \
  -p 8096:8096 \
  -p 8920:8920 \
  -p 7359:7359/udp \
  -p 1900:1900/udp \
  -v /docker/jellyfin/config:/config \
  -v /disk:/data \
  --restart unless-stopped \
  ghcr.io/linuxserver/jellyfin

这几个为对应的端口,可以自行修改,最主要的是8096 ,这个是jellyfin的web ui端口

-p 8096:8096 \ 
-p 8920:8920 \
-p 7359:7359/udp \
-p 1900:1900/udp \

这几个为jellyfin映射的本地磁盘,例如:jellyfin里的/data  ,就相当于VPS的 /disk 目录,/dsk 则为rclone挂载的onedirve的位置!

-v /docker/jellyfin/config:/config \
-v /disk:/data \

如果直接运行的以上命令就可以通过,VPS的https://IP地址:8096 ,访问jellyfin了

Nginx反向代理+SSL

暂时不需要,所以还没测试

但可以参考这片文章

如何在 Debian 10 上安装 Jellyfin 媒体服务器 (howtosanta.com)

版权声明:
作者:Jays
链接:https://ijays.com/2022/03/rclone-onedrive-jellyfin-nginx.html
来源:颓废的美
文章版权归作者所有,未经允许请勿转载。

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